V. Mitra, H. Franco, C. Bartels, J. van Hout, M. Graciarena, D. Vergyri, “Speech recognition in unseen and noisy channel conditions,” in Proc. ICASSP 2017, pp. 5215-5219, March 2017.
Speech recognition in varying background conditions is a challenging problem. Acoustic condition mismatch between training and evaluation data can significantly reduce recognition performance. For mismatched conditions, data-adaptation techniques are typically found to be useful, as they expose the acoustic model to the new data condition(s). Supervised adaptation techniques usually provide substantial performance improvement, but such gain is contingent on having labeled or transcribed data, which is often unavailable. The alternative is unsupervised adaptation, where feature-transform methods and model-adaptation techniques are typically explored. This work investigates robust features, feature-space maximum likelihood linear regression (fMLLR) transform, and deep convolutional nets to address the problem of unseen channel and noise conditions. In addition, the work investigates bottleneck (BN) features extracted from deep autoencoder (DAE) networks trained by using acoustic features extracted from the speech signal. We demonstrate that such representations not only produce robust systems but also that they can be used to perform data selection for unsupervised model adaptation. Our results indicate that the techniques presented in this paper significantly improve performance of speech recognition systems in unseen channel and noise conditions.