Waleh, N. S., Murphy, B. J., & Zaveri, N. T. (2010). Increase in tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) levels and inhibition of MMP-2 activity in a metastatic breast cancer cell line by an anti-invasive small molecule SR13179. Cancer letters, 289(1), 111-118.
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), the endogenous inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), regulates tumor invasion by modulating the activity of MMP-2. In addition, TIMP-2 is involved in the direct regulation of cell growth and angiogenesis, independent of MMP inhibition. Therefore, the development of therapeutic agents that increase TIMP-2 levels may offer a novel and broad approach to anti-neoplastic therapy. We report that a novel small molecule synthetic flavanoid SR13179, which inhibits the invasion of a highly metastatic human breast cancer cell line MCF-10CA1a through Matrigel, significantly increases protein and mRNA levels of TIMP-2 in a time- and dose-dependent manner. SR13179 inhibits the gelatinolytic activity of MMP-2 by >50% but has no effect on MMP-2 protein expression. SR13179 also possesses potent anti-tumor activity in several tumor cell lines regardless of their hormone receptor, p53 or multi-drug resistance status. Given the multifunctional inhibitory activity of TIMP-2 on tumor growth and invasion, the observed increase in TIMP-2 expression by SR13179 may play a central role in the anti-tumor and anti-invasive activity of this novel small molecule. Modulation of TIMP-2 protein expression may be a new molecular target for anti-metastatic adjuvant therapy for breast and other cancers.
Keywords: Anti-invasive, MMP-2, TIMP-2, MCF-10CA1a, Breast cancer metastasis