Ian M. Colrain, PhD, Edith V. Sullivan, PhD, Torsten Rohlfing, PhD, Fiona C. Baker, PhD, Christian L. Nicholas, PhD, Mayra L. Padilla, PhD, Sandra Chanraud, PhD, Anne-Lise Pitel, PhD, Adolf Pfefferbaum, MD, Independent Contributions of Cortical Gray Matter, Aging, Sex and Alcoholism to K-Complex Amplitude Evoked During Sleep, Sleep, Volume 34, Issue 6, 1 June 2011, Pages 787–795, https://doi.org/10.5665/SLEEP.1050
The amplitude of the N550 component derived from the averaged evoked K-complex decreases with normal aging and with alcoholism. The study was designed to determine whether these declines are related to the extent of cortical or subcortical shrinkage.
Research sleep laboratory and MR imaging facility
26 abstinent long-term alcoholic men, 14 abstinent long-term alcoholic women, 18 control men, and 22 control women.
Measurements and Results
MRI data collected at 3T were analyzed from alcoholic and control men and women previously reported to have significantly different evoked delta activity during sleep. Segmented and parcellated MRI data collected at 3T were compared between these groups and evaluated for correlation with evoked K-complex amplitude measured at FP1, Fz, FCz, Cz, CPz, and Pz. Cortical gray matter and regional subcortical tissue volumes entered as predictors into stepwise multiple regression identified cortical gray matter as a unique significant predictor of evoked K-complex at all sites. Age added independent variance at 5 of the 6 sites, while alcoholism and sex added independent variance at frontal sites only.
These data support recent intracranial studies showing cortical generation of K-complexes by indicating that cortical, but not subcortical volume contributes to K-complex amplitude. Establishing the extent of the relation between cortical volume and K-complex amplitude provides a mechanistic understanding of sleep compromise clinically relevant to normal aging, alcoholism, and likely other conditions affecting cortical volume and integrity.
Keywords: Delta, ERP, MRI