Reid, J. M., Walden, C. A., Qin, R., Ziegler, K. L. A., Haslam, J. L., Rajewski, R. A., … & Limburg, P. J. (2011). Phase 0 clinical chemoprevention trial of the Akt inhibitor SR13668. Cancer prevention research, 4(3), 347-353.
SR13668, an orally active Akt pathway inhibitor, has demonstrated cancer chemopreventive potential in preclinical studies. To accelerate the clinical development of this promising agent, we designed and conducted the first-ever phase 0 chemoprevention trial to evaluate and compare the effects of food and formulation on SR13668 bioavailability. Healthy adult volunteers were randomly assigned to receive a single, 38-mg oral dose of SR13668 in one of five different formulations, with or without food. On the basis of existing animal data, SR13668 in a PEG400/Labrasol oral solution was defined as the reference formulation. Blood samples were obtained pre- and post-agent administration for pharmacokinetic analyses. Area under the plasma concentration–time curve (AUC0–∞) was defined as the primary endpoint. Data were analyzed and compared using established statistical methods for phase 0 trials with a limited sample size. Participants (n = 20) were rapidly accrued over a 5-month period. Complete pharmacokinetic data were available for 18 randomized participants. AUC0–∞ values were highest in the fed state (range = 122–439 ng/mL × hours) and were statistically significantly different across formulations (P = 0.007), with Solutol HS15 providing the highest bioavailability. SR13668 time to peak plasma concentration (3 hours; range, 2–6 hours) and half-life were (11.2 ± 3.1 hours) were not formulation-dependent. Using a novel, highly efficient study design, we rapidly identified a lead formulation of SR13668 for further clinical testing. Our findings support application of the phase 0 trial paradigm to accelerate chemoprevention agent development. Cancer Prev Res; 4(3); 347–53. ©2011 AACR.