Owings, R. A., Boerma, M., Wang, J., Berbee, M., Laderoute, K. R., Soderberg, L. S., … & Jensen, M. H. (2009). Selective deficiency of HIF-1α in myeloid cells influences secondary intention wound healing in mouse skin. in vivo, 23(6), 879-884.
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) influences myeloid cell function. In this study we examined the role of myeloid cell HIF-1α on wound healing in vivo using a cell-specific knockout (KO) mouse model.
Materials and Methods
HIF-1α KO mice and wild-type (WT) controls received 8 mm full thickness dorsal dermal wounds. Wound dimensions were measured until full closure. Tissue was obtained from 3-day-old wounds for (immuno-)histochemical analysis. Production of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and nitric oxide (NO) in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and/or desferrioxamine (DFX) was examined in vitro.
Early wound closure occurred significantly faster in HIF-1α KO mice than in WT mice. Wounds of KO mice contained similar numbers of neutrophils and macrophages, but more activated keratinocytes, consistent with accelerated re-epithelialization. Interestingly, while LPS and LPS+DFX elicited a similar IL-1β response in macrophages from the 2 mouse types, NO production was blunted in HIF-1α KO macrophages.
Absence of HIF-1α in myeloid cells accelerates the early phase of secondary intention wound healing in vivo. This may be associated with a deficient ability of myeloid cells to initiate an appropriate NO production response. Pharmacologic modulators of HIF-1α should be explored in situations with abnormal wound healing.
Keywords: Neutrophils, macrophages, hypoxia-inducible factor 1, alpha subunit, mice, knockout, wound healing