Bao, J., Krishnan, G. N., Jayaweera, P., Lau, K. H., & Sanjurjo, A. (2009). Effect of various coal contaminants on the performance of solid oxide fuel cells: Part II. ppm and sub-ppm level testing. Journal of power sources, 193(2), 617-624.
The poisoning effects of various trace contaminants in the coal-derived syngas stream at ppm and sub-ppm level on the performance of Ni-YSZ/YSZ/LSM solid oxide fuel cells were studied at extended duration. The thermochemical nature of impurities such as PH3(g) and CH3Cl(g) in presence and absence of water steam was analyzed by a high temperature mass spectrometer. Only less than half of PH3(g) is hydrolyzed, and CH3Cl(g) also co-exist with HCl(g). After a certain duration of exposure, 1 ppm AsH3(g), 0.5 ppm PH3(g), and 2.5 ppm CH3Cl(g) all caused some degree of degradation to the power density at 750 °C. Whereas 1 ppm of H2S(g) resulted in immediate performance loss. The mechanisms of degradation are mainly divided into two categories: surface adsorption effect (for S and Cl) and bulk reaction effect (for As and P). The controversies regarding the poisoning effect and mechanism of S are also discussed with the aid of thermodynamic equilibrium composition calculation.
Keywords: Solid oxide fuel cell, Fuel contaminants, Performance degradation, Poisoning effect, Thermochemical property