Huan-Hua, W., Yi-Jian, S., Chu, W., & Blum, Y. (2008). Strong surface diffusion mediated glancing-angle deposition: growth, recrystallization and reorientation of tin nanorods. Chinese Physics Letters, 25(1), 234.
Different from usual glancing-angle deposition where low surface diffusion is necessary to form nanorods, strong surface diffusion mediated glancing-angle deposition is exemplified by growing tin nanorod films on both silicon and glass substrates simultaneously via thermal evaporation. During growth, the nanorods were simultaneously baked by the high-temperature evaporator, and therefore re-crystallized into single crystals in consequence of strong surface diffusion. The monocrystalline tin nanorods have a preferred orientation perpendicular to the substrate surface, which is quite different from the usual uniformly oblique nanorods without recrystallization.