Shieber, S. M., Karttunen, L., Pereira, F. C., & Kay, M. (1985). More Notes from the Unification Underground: A Second Compilation of Papers on Unification-Based Formalisms. SRI INTERNATIONAL MENLO PARK CA ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTER.
This report is the second compilation of papers by members of the PATR group at SRI International and collaborators reporting on ongoing research on both practical and theoretical issues concerning grammar formalisms.
Research on detecting depression from speech has advanced in recent years, but most work has focused on the analysis of one corpus at a time. Given that clinical corpora are typically small, it is important to explore approaches that generalize across corpora and that could ultimately be adapted to new data. We study a new corpus of patient-clinician interactions recorded when patients are admitted to a hospital for suicide risk and again when they are released. To train prediction models, we use the 2014 AVEC challenge German speech dataset, which differs from our data in many factors (including language, context, speakers, and recording conditions). Results reveal that some of the AVEC-trained models predict scores for the clinical data that correlate with both HAM-D depression scores and with the pre-/post-admission ordering. A KL-divergence analysis within the clinical data confirms that the same feature set captures changes correlated with the HAM-D scores. Finally, read versus spontaneous speech samples in both corpora behave differently with respect to the best features and modeling approaches. Implications for the cross-corpus prediction of depression are discussed.