DeBarger, A. H., & Snow, A. (2010). Design Pattern on Model Use in Interdependence among Living Systems (Large-Scale Assessment Technical Report 13). Menlo Park, CA: SRI International.
Design patterns are an important resource for supporting the development of unique and complex assessments, such as technology-‐supported scenario-‐based tasks. Design patterns encourage coherence in task design by making explicit relations among critical knowledge/skills/abilities (KSAs) to assess, evidence in student work that demonstrates proficiency in KSAs, and features of tasks that can elicit KSAs. The “Model Use in Interdependence among Living Systems” design pattern was developed to facilitate the design of storyboards and items for the Science Minnesota Comprehensive Assessment. This design pattern articulates an assessment argument describing families of tasks to elicit evidence of students’ abilities to use models in the context of life science. The report outlines the key elements of the design pattern, describes the design pattern development process, and illustrates with examples how the design pattern supports storyboard and item design for interactive science assessments.