Hosokawa, K., Taguchi, S., Shiokawa, K., Otsuka, Y., Ogawa, Y., & Nicolls, M. (2014). Global imaging of polar cap patches with dual airglow imagers. Geophysical Research Letters, 41(1), 1-6.
During a 2 h interval from 2240 to 2440 UT on 12 November 2012, regions of increased 630.0 nm airglow emissions were simultaneously detected by dual all-sky imagers in the polar cap, one at Longyearbyen, Norway (78.1°N, 15.5°E) and the other at Resolute Bay, Canada (74.7°N, 265.1°E). The Resolute Bay incoherent scatter radar observed clear enhancements of the F region electron density up to 1012 m−3within these airglow structures which indicates that these are optical manifestations of polar cap patches propagating across the polar cap. During this interval of simultaneous airglow imaging, the nightside/dawnside (dayside/duskside) half of the patches was captured by the imager at Longyearbyen (Resolute Bay). This unique situation enabled us to estimate the dawn-dusk extent of the patches to be around 1500 km, which was at least 60–70% of the width of the antisunward plasma stream seen in the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network convection maps. In contrast to the large extent in the dawn-dusk direction, the noon-midnight thickness of each patch was less than 500 km. These observations demonstrate that there exists a class of patches showing cigar-shaped structures. Such patches could be produced in a wide range of local time on the dayside nearly simultaneously and spread across many hours of local time soon after their generation.