Shriberg, E., Bates, R., & Stolcke, A. (1997). A prosody only decision-tree model for disfluency detection. In Fifth European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology.
Speech disfluencies (filled pauses, repetitions, repairs, and false starts) are pervasive in spontaneous speech. The ability to detect and correct disfluencies automatically is important for effective natural language understanding, as well as to improve speech models in general. Previous approaches to disfluency detection have relied heavily on lexical information, which makes them less applicable when word recognition is unreliable. We have developed a disfluency detection method using decision tree classifiers that use only local and automatically extracted prosodic features. Because the model doesn’t rely on lexical information, it is widely applicable even when word recognition is unreliable. The model performed significantly better than chance at detecting four disfluency types. It also outperformed a language model in the detection of false starts, given the correct transcription.[…]