Reasoning by Analogy as an Aid to Heuristic Theorem Proving


Kling, R. E. (1971). Reasoning by analogy as an aid to heuristic theorem proving. STANFORD RESEARCH INSTITUTE, 83.


When heuristic problem-solving programs are faced with large data bases that contain numbers of facts far in excess of those needed to solve any particular problem, their performance rapidly deteriorates. In the paper, the correspondence between a new unsolved problem and a previously solved analogous problem is computed and invoked to tailor large data bases to manageable sizes. This paper outlines the design of an algorithm for generating and exploiting analogies between theorems posed to a resolution-logic system. These algorithms are believed to be the first computationally feasible development of reasoning by analogy to be applied to heuristic theorem proving.

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