back icon
close icon

Capture phrases in quotes for more specific queries (e.g. "rocket ship" or "Fred Lynn")

Article  August 20, 2020

What foundational skills matter for Algebra I success?

SRI Authors Mary M. Klute



Klute M., Dougherty, B., & Van Dine, D. (2020). What foundational skills matter for Algebra I success? U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Educational Laboratory Central.


Algebra I is considered a gateway course for advanced math. Consequently, there has been a trend toward enrolling students in Algebra I earlier in the middle grades in order to increase opportunities for students to take more advanced math courses in high school. The challenge for educators lies in determining which students are ready to take Algebra I in middle school and which students need more time to develop foundational knowledge and skills before taking Algebra I. To inform strategies that address this challenge, educators from the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education partnered with Regional Educational Laboratory Central to investigate the specific foundational knowledge and skills that are associated with achievement in Algebra I. This study examined whether student knowledge in five domains of math assessed in grade 7 was associated with Algebra I achievement. The study found that students’ scores in all five of the grade 7 domains were related to Algebra I achievement, but their performance in the expressions, equations, and inequalities domain was most strongly related. The number sense and operations domain was more strongly associated with Algebra I achievement for English learner students than it was for students without this designation. No clear differences in these associations were found between students who were receiving special education services and those who were not.

How can we help?

Once you hit send…

We’ll match your inquiry to the person who can best help you. Expect a response within 48 hours.

Our Privacy Policy