Zachary Seymour, Karan Sikka, Han-Pang Chiu, Supun Samarasekera, Rakesh Kumar: Semantically-Aware Attentive Neural Embeddings for 2D Long-Term Visual Localization. BMVC 2019: 70
We present an approach that combines appearance and semantic information for 2D image-based localization (2D-VL) across large perceptual changes and time lags. Compared to appearance features, the semantic layout of a scene is generally more invariant to appearance variations. We use this intuition and propose a novel end-to-end deep attention-based framework that utilizes multimodal cues to generate robust embeddings for 2D-VL. The proposed attention module predicts a shared channel attention and modality-specific spatial attentions to guide the embeddings to focus on more reliable image regions. We evaluate our model against state-of-the-art (SOTA) methods on three challenging localization datasets. We report an average (absolute) improvement of 19% over current SOTA for 2D-VL. Furthermore, we present an extensive study demonstrating the contribution of each component of our model, showing 8–15% and 4% improvement from adding semantic information and our proposed attention module. We finally show the predicted attention maps to offer useful insights into our model.